Total Hip & Knee Replacements

Injuries to the hips and knees are often debilitating, and will leave a patient in increasing pain as they grow older, and with decreasing mobility as the damage and pain from the injury increases. For many people a Total Hip or Knee replacement is considered to be the only option for a pain free life and increased mobility. There are several different types of replacements available, and you should be sure to consult with your doctor and surgeon about which is the best option for you prior to the surgery.

Why is Replacement Necessary?

The knees and hips are used almost constantly, and are prone to wearing out over time. These joints can degrade over time due to use, multiple varieties of arthritis, damage from falls hip pointers, or wasting diseases such as Avascular Necrosis. Whenever there is constant pain and discomfort in a joint, or caused by its use, then it is time to consider replacing that joint.

Types of Hip Replacements

There are two main types of Hip replacements; total hip replacement and metal on metal resurfacing. For the first type of replacement, total hip replacement, a portion of the thigh will be replaced by a metal rod and ball, which is designed so that it will fit into the socket of the pelvis. The socket on the pelvis will be roughened with metal, plastic or ceramic. In cases where there is extreme bone decay part of the pelvis might also be replaced.

The second type of hip replacement is called metal on metal resurfacing. In this procedure the ball of the thigh bone and the socket on the pelvis will be resurfaced with metal. When done correctly this procedure should allow the patient to move their joint without pain or discomfort. This procedure is considered best for patients who are especially active, as there is less chance of the patient dislocating a metal on metal resurfaced joint then a fully replaced hip joint.

Types of Knee Replacements

There are four types of knee replacements that are commonly recommended by doctors; total knee replacement, unicompartmental knee replacement, kneecaps replacement, and complex knee replacement. Total knee replacement involves replacing the entirety of the knee, by replacing the joint, as well as part of the tibia and femur bones. This is recommended for patients whose joint is especially decayed. During a total knee replacement the surgeons generally try to leave the original kneecap.

The second type of surgery is used when the pain is only isolated or caused by just part of the knee. In these instances the offending surfaces of the joint will be replaced or covered. A similar procedure is done when the pain is caused by the inside surface of the knee. In these cases a patellofemoral surgery will be done, replacing the kneecap.

A complex knee replacement is the procedure used when there is a major deformity to the knee, or large amounts of bone loss caused by arthritis or fractures, or if there are weak ligaments. IN cases such as these large portions of the femur and tibia, larger than in the case of a total knee replacement, will need to be replaced.

If you are suffering from any kind of joint pain then please consult with the medical team at AAA Medical Solutions as soon as possible. Their skilled team will be able to diagnose the cause of your pain and recommend a specialist surgeon who can help.